Editing – Cutting

Continuity

This is the predominant style of film editing and video editing in the post-production process of film making of narrative films and television programs. The purpose of continuity editing is to smooth over the natural discontinuity of the editing process and to establish a logical consistency between shots.

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Shot reverse shot

A film technique where one character is shown looking at another character (often off-screen), and then the other character is shown looking back at the first character. Since the characters are shown facing in opposite directions, the viewer assumes that they are looking at each other.

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Eyeline Match

This is a film editing technique associated with the continuity editing system. It is based on the premise that the audience will want to see what the character on-screen is seeing. The eye line match begins with a character looking at something off-screen; there will then be a cut to the object or person at which he is looking.

For example, a man is looking off-screen to his left, and then the film cuts to a television that he is watching.

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Graphic Match

This is a cut in film editing between either two different objects, two different spaces, or two different compositions in which an object in the two shots graphically match, often helping to establish a strong continuity of action and linking the two shots metaphorically.

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Action Match

This is when you shoot a scene, cut it at a certain point and continue to film the scene at another point without the viewer knowing it has been cut. This is an example of continuity editing.

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Jump – cut

is a cut in film editing in which two sequential shots of the same subject are taken from camera positions that vary only slightly. This type of edit causes the subject of the shots to appear to “jump” position in a discontinuous way.

For this reason, jump cuts are considered a violation of classical continuity editing, which aims to give the appearance of continuous time and space in the story-world by de-emphasizing editing. Jump cuts, in contrast, draw attention to the constructed nature of the film.

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Cross cutting/Inter-cutting/Parallel match

This is an editing technique most often used in films to establish action occurring at the same time in two different locations. In a cross-cut, the camera will cut away from one action to another action, which can suggest the simultaneity of these two actions but this is not always the case.

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